The Imperial Gazetteer of India v11 Pali to Ratia
5 May The name Bangladesh was originally written as two words, Bangla Desh. Starting in the s, Bengali nationalists used the term in political rallies in East Pakistan. The term Bangla is a major name for both the Bengal region and the Bengali language. The earliest references to the term date to the Nesari. NUMBER of and in to a was '' `` is for -rrb- -lrb- on as with by 's he that at from it his an are were which be this has also or had its not but first one their -- said new have after: they who been two her she ; other when there all would - % into more ' during time up $ over year some years only most will may can school about out. simplegirls.date cpcom simplegirls.date simplegirls.date simplegirls.date simplegirls.datee simplegirls.date simplegirls.date simplegirls.date simplegirls.datee simplegirls.date simplegirls.date chandpur-kantho. com.
It shares land borders with India and Myanmar Burma. NepalBhutan and China are located near Bangladesh but do not share a border with it. The country's maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area. Dhaka is its capital and largest city, followed by Chittagong which has the country's largest port. Bangladesh forms the largest and eastern part of the Bengal region.
Most of Bangladesh is covered by the Bengal deltathe largest delta on Earth. Highlands with evergreen forests are found in the northeastern and southeastern regions of the country. Bangladesh has many islands and a coral reef. It is home to the Sundarbans All Hookup Sites Available Around Chandpur Kantha Embroidery, the largest mangrove forest in the world. The country's biodiversity includes a vast array of plant and wildlife, check this out critically endangered Bengal tigersthe national animal.
The Greeks and Romans identified the region as Gangaridaia powerful kingdom of the historical subcontinentin the 3rd century BCE.
Archaeological research has unearthed several ancient cities in Bangladesh, which had international trade links for millennia. The region was home to many principalities which had inland naval prowess. As part of British Indiathe region was influenced by the Bengali renaissance and played an important role in anti colonial movements.
After independence, a parliamentary republic was established. A presidential government was in place between andfollowed by a return to parliamentary democracy. The country has also been affected by poverty, natural disasters, hunger, dominant party systems and military coups. Bangladesh is a middle power and a major developing nation.
Within South Asia, the country ranks first in gender equality, second All Hookup Sites Available Around Chandpur Kantha Embroidery foreign exchange earnings and third in life expectancy and peacefulness. It is one of the largest textile exporters in the world.
With its strategically vital location between Southern, Eastern and Southeast Asia, Bangladesh is an this web page promoter of regional connectivity and cooperation.
Bangladesh is one of the largest contributors of United Nations peacekeeping forces. The name Bangladesh was originally written as two words, Bangla Desh. Starting in the s, Bengali nationalists used the term in political rallies in East Pakistan.
The term Bangla is a major name for both All Hookup Sites Available Around Chandpur Kantha Embroidery Bengal region and the Bengali language. The term "Vangaladesa" is found in South Indian records in the 11th century.
The term gained official status during the Sultanate of Bengal in the 14th century. The Portuguese referred to the region as Bengala in the 16th century.
Stone age tools found in the Greater Bengal region indicate human habitation for over 20, years. The Wari-Bateshwar ruins are regarded by archaeologists as the capital of an ancient janapadaone of the earliest city states in the subcontinent. Greek and Roman records of the ancient Gangaridai Kingdom, which according to legend deterred the invasion of Alexander the Greatare linked to the fort city in Wari-Bateshwar.
The legendary Vanga Kingdom is mentioned in the Indian epic Mahabharata covering the region of Bangladesh. It was described as a seafaring nation of South Asia. According to Sinhalese chronicles, the Bengali Prince Vijaya led a maritime expedition to Sri Lankaconquering the island and establishing its first recorded kingdom.
With their bastions in the Bengal and Bihar regions collectively known as Magadhathe Mauryans built the first geographically extensive Iron Age empire in Ancient India. They promoted Jainism and Buddhism.
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The empire reached its peak under emperor Ashoka. They were eventually succeeded by the Gupta Empire in the 3rd century. According to historian H. Roychowdhurythe Gupta dynasty originated in the Varendra region in Bangladesh, corresponding to the modern-day Rajshahi and Rangpur divisions.
In classical antiquityVisit web page was divided between various kingdoms.
The Pala Empire stood out as the largest Bengali state established in ancient history, with an empire covering most of the north Indian subcontinent at its height in the 9th century. The Palas were devout Mahayana Buddhists. They strongly patronized art, architecture and education, giving rise to the Pala School of Painting and Sculptural Art,  the Somapura Mahavihara and the universities of Nalanda and Vikramshila. The proto- Bengali language emerged under Pala rule.
In the 11th-century, the resurgent Hindu Sena dynasty gained power. The Senas were staunch promoters of Brahmanical Hinduism and laid the foundation of Bengali Hinduism.
They patronized their own school of Hindu art taking inspiration from their All Hookup Sites Available Around Chandpur Kantha Embroidery.
Bengal was also a junction of the Southwestern Silk Road. Islam arrived on the shores of Bengal in the late first millennium, brought largely by missionaries, Sufis and merchants from the Middle East. Writing inAl-Idrisi noted a busy shipping route between Chittagong and Basra.
The first women's magazine Begum was published in No 10 of of the government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. Each region of Bangladesh has a distinct style of rickshaw art. Hindus in Bangladesh are almost evenly distributed in all regions, with large concentrations in GopalganjDinajpurSylhetSunamganjMymensinghKhulnaJessoreChittagong and parts of Chittagong Hill Tracts. The politics of Bangladesh takes place in the framework of a multiparty parliamentary representative democracymodeled on the Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government.
Subsequent Muslim conquest absorbed the culture and achievements of pre-Islamic Bengali civilization in the new Islamic polity. This included the wearing of the saribinduand bangles by Muslim women; and art forms in music, dance, and theater.
By the 14th century, an independent Bengal Sultanate was established. Jalaluddin Muhammad Shah was the first Bengali convert on the throne. MuslimsHindus and Buddhists jointly formed its civil-military services. The Hussain Shahi sultans promoted the development of Bengali literature. However, by the 16th century, the Bengal Sultanate began to disintegrate.
The Imperial Gazetteer of India v11 Pali to Ratia | Temple | Religion And Belief
Hindu Rajas and the Baro-Bhuyan zamindars gained control of large parts of the region, especially in the fertile Bhati zone. In the late 16th-century, the Mughal Empire led by Akbar go here Great began conquering the Bengal delta after the Battle of Tukaroi where he defeated the Bengal Sultanate's last rulers, the Karrani dynasty.
Dhaka was established as the Mughal provincial capital in The Mughals faced stiff resistance from the Baro-Bhuyans, Afghan warlords and zamindars, but were ultimately successful in conquering the whole of Bengal bywhen the Portuguese and Arakanese were expelled from Chittagong. Mughal rule ushered economic prosperity, agrarian reform and flourishing external trade, particularly in muslin and silk textiles.
Mughal Viceroys promoted agricultural expansion and turned Bengal into the rice basket of the Indian subcontinent. The Sufis gained increasing prominence. The Baul movement, inspired by Sufism, also emerged under Mughal rule. The Bengali ethnic identity further crystallized during this period, and the source inhabitants were given sufficient autonomy to cultivate their own customs and literature.
The entire region was brought under a stable-long lasting administration. It was the wealthiest part of the subcontinent. Dhaka became an important center of Mughal administration. The Nawabs of Bengal established an independent principality inwith their headquarters in Murshidabad. The Nawabs granted increasing concessions to European trading powers. Matters reached a climax inwhen Nawab Siraj-ud-Daulah captured the British base at Fort Williamin an effort to stem the rising influence of the East India Company.
The British displaced the ruling Muslim class of Bengal. The Permanent Settlement created a feudal system. A number of deadly famines struck the region.
The Mughals of India. The alluvial soil deposited by the rivers when they overflow their banks has created some of the most fertile plains in the world. He was ousted after only a year in office due to tensions with West Pakistan's establishment and bureaucracy. The Bangladesh Environment Conservation Act was enacted in
The Bengal Renaissance flowered as a result of educational and cultural institutions All Hookup Sites Available Around Chandpur Kantha Embroidery established across the region, especially in East Bengal and the imperial colonial capital Calcutta. The Presidency of Bengal became the cradle of modern South Asian political and artistic expression.
Gopal Krishna Gokhlethe mentor of Mahatma Gandhiremarked that "what Bengal thinks today, India thinks tomorrow". During British rule, East Bengal developed a plantation economy centred on the jute trade and tea production. As a result of growing demands for educational development in East Bengal, the British partitioned Bengal in and created the administrative division of Eastern Bengal and Assam.
Based in Daccawith Shillong as the summer capital and Chittagong as the chief port, the new province covered much of the northeastern subcontinent. The partition was annulled in after a long civil disobedience campaign by the Congress. The Indian Independence Movement enjoyed strong momentum in the Bengal region, including the constitutional struggle for the rights of Muslim minorities.
By the s, the Krishak Praja Party led by A. Fazlul Huq and the Swaraj Party led by C. Das came to represent the new Bengali middle class. Huq became the All Hookup Sites Available Around Chandpur Kantha Embroidery Minister of Bengal in With the breakdown of Hindu - Muslim unity in the British Raj, Huq allied with the Muslim League to present the Lahore Resolution inwhich envisioned independent states in the eastern and northwestern subcontinent.
Allied forces were stationed in bases across East Bengal in support of the Burma Campaign. Suhrawardy as its premiers. At the Indian provincial elections,the decisive victory of the Bengal Muslim League set the course for the Partition of British India and the creation of the Dominion of Pakistan on 14 August Assam was partitioned in order to allow Bengali-speaking Sylhet to join East Bengal.
There was also an unsuccessful attempt to form a United Bengal. The Radcliffe Line divided Bengal on religious grounds, ceding Hindu-majority districts to the Indian dominion, and making Muslim-majority districts the eastern wing of Pakistan. East Bengal was the most populous province in the new Pakistani federation led by Governor General Muhammad Ali Jinnah inwith Read article as the provincial capital.
Inland reform was accomplished read more East Bengal with the abolition of the permanent settlement and the feudal zamindari system. The Awami League emerged as the political voice of the Bengali-speaking population,  with its leader H.
Suhrawardy becoming Prime Minister of Pakistan in